National Climate Change Policy

National Climate Change Policy


Milestones in Libya’s Climate Policy


Ratification of the Framework Convention on Climate Change


Submission of the initial National Communication


Ratification of the Kyoto Protocol


Submission of Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC)


Paris Agreement (Signature)

22 April 2016


Libya is listed as a Non Annex 1 and is eligible to the GEF. Some capacity building to support the preparation of the Initial National Communication to the UNFCCC was completed in 2005 but no new developments are currently on-going due to the post-conflict situation.


The Low Carbon Development context

Key data

  • Total GHG emissions: 34.89 Mt CO2e, IEA 2011
  • Per capita GHG emissions: 5.43 t CO2e, IEA 2011
  • Carbon intensity of the economy: 1.67 kg CO2/2005 USD, IEA 2011
  • Carbon intensity of the energy sector: 2.26 t CO2/ toe, IEA 2011
  • Share of renewable energy: 0.06%

The sources of CO2 emissions between 1950 and 2000 show a sharp increase over the last 30 years with annual trend of CO2 emissions strongly positive for fossil fuels at 284,220 t/year followed by liquid fuel consumption 189,790 t/year, while the emissions of CO2 from solid fuel consumption decreased at 33,000 t/year from 1950-2000” (Source: Marland et Al 2003). No further GHG analysis or mitigation strategy were carried out.



These projected temperature increase and rainfall decrease combined to a key vulnerability indicator such as permanent cropland percentage (which is well below those of other Middle East and North Africa countries) would necessarily result into an acute water/food security issue: the total area of the country is estimated at 1,760,000 km²; the area suitable for cultivation approximates 22,000 km² where approximately 93% of the land surface receives less than 100 mm of rain per year. No further vulnerability assessment nor adaptation strategy were further carried out.