National Climate Change Policy

National Climate Change Policy


Milestones in Algeria’s Climate Policy


Ratification of the Framework Convention on Climate Change

09 June 1993

Submission of the initial National Communication

30 April 2001

Ratification of the Kyoto Protocol

16 Febraury 2005

Establishment of the CDM –DNA

06 February 2006

Submission of the Second National Communication

25 November 2010

Submission of Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC)   

20 October 2016

Paris Agreement (entry into force)

19 November 2016


The context of Climate Change in Algeria

Key data

  • Total GHG emissions: 117.3 MtCO2e
  • Per capita CO2 emissions: 3.3 Mt per capita
  • Carbon intensity of the economy: 0.425 tCO2 per thousand US Dollars
  • Carbon intensity of the energy sector: 2.44 t CO2/toe
  • Share of renewable energy: 0.22% (IEA, 2012)

The 4th IPCC report and the first outcomes of the 5th IPCC report (WG1 and WG2) showed that one of the most impacted region by the effect of Climate Change is the North African region. Considering those facts, Algeria has gradually included the environmental dimension in its economic development process and put in place an ambitious program of developing sustainable energy and energy efficiency that aims to provide in the energy mix 40% of renewable energy by 2030. It signed up to the UNFCCC as a non-Annex 1 Party in 1993 and ratified the Kyoto Protocol in 2004, stating publicly its willingness to take part in the international effort to tackle climate change and its potential effects, particularly on the climatic system, the natural ecosystems and the durability of the economic development.

In this context, it has been gradually integrating through all the socio-economic sectors and institutions of the country, the aspects related to climate change regarding mitigation and in particular the adaptation dimension. The National Climate Change Strategy consists in strengthening the institutional and legislative framework as well as the institutional capacities, sensitizing and educating the public by a participative approach.



The climate change strategy tools are based on the law relating to sustainable development and environmental protection, promulgated in 2003 and the National Plan of Actions for the Environment and Sustainable Development ( PNAE-DD ) which establishes the country environmental programs over the period 2001-2010. It constitutes a synthesis of the various action plans of technical operational organizations and encompasses the whole of protection and rehabilitation of natural environment activities. Its implementation concerns the whole of implicated sectors: energy, industry, transport, waste, water resources, agriculture and forests.

Being strongly vulnerable to climate change from natural and economic point of view, the Algerian strategy is based primarily on three pillars :

  • Adaptation to climate change,
  • Ensuring the sustainable development of the country;
  • Mitigation of GHG emissions.

This national strategy is based on the following main sector programs :

  • National Plan of action and adaptation to climate change ( PNA-ACC ) 2003,
  • Programme of sector integrated water management policy,
  • National Programme of Energy Conservation ( PNME ),
  • National Program of integrated municipal solid waste management ( PROGDEM ),
  • National Action plan against desertification ( PAN-LCD ),
  • Program of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency


Key documents

A ‘Plan National Climat de l’Algerie’ was produced in 2012; currently under review for a consultative process.

Analyse des sources de financement de l'efficacité énergetique et des énergies renouvelables dans les collectivités locales en Algérie


Key links

Communication nationale, 2001

Centre National des Technologies de Production plus Propre