National Climate Change Policy

National Climate Change Policy


Milestones in Tunisia’s Climate Policy


Ratification of the Framework Convention on Climate Change

15 July 1993

Submission of the initial National Communication

27 October 2001

Ratification of the Kyoto Protocol

22 January 2003

Establishment of the CDM –DNA

June 2005

Submission of the Second National Communication

01 December 2013

Submission of Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC)

10 February 2017

Paris Agreement (Entry into force)

04 November 2016


The Tunisian government has launched in 2011 the development of a national strategy and action plan for the integration of Climate Change in the country’s development strategies.


The Low Carbon Development context

Key Data

  • Total GHG emissions: 21.13 CO2, IEA 2011
  •  Per capita GHG emissions: 1.98 t CO2eq/capita, IEA 2011
  •  Carbon intensity of the economy: 2.20 teCO2/1000 TND, 2000
  •  Carbon intensity of the energy sector: 2.22 t CO2/ toe, IEA 2011
  •  Share of renewable energy: 3.91%

 Although Tunisia has no binding GHG reduction commitment under the Kyoto Protocol, it has adopted an active policy for GHG emission reduction and the adoption of emission attenuation options. Furthermore, Tunisia has devised a strategy, under implementation since 2006, to establish the mechanisms for initiating and approving CDM projects at national level.



Projected climate change in Tunisia would have significant impacts on sectors and activities traditionally sensitive to climatic conditions such as water resources, agriculture, tourism, and agro-ecosystems (olive production, arboriculture). In addition, sea level rise will affect coastal areas, particularly with regard to coastal aquifers and coastal wetlands.  


 Key resources

The activities of International Financial Institutions in Tunisia